Sculpture of a satyr


Archaeological site: Biatorbágy, Káposztás-dűlő
Inventory no.: 2009.9.1.1
Material: bronze, silver
Period: Roman period (2nd century AD)
Storage: Gödöllő, Ferenczy Museum Center

The kneeling Satyr of Biatorbágy most probably arrived in Pannonia as a valuable import object in the 2nd century AD, and it probably belonged to a small table, a vessel, a tripod, or to some other kind of furniture.

Short description: The function of the sculpture, based on the posture and the prefiguration mentioned above, was probably a supportive one, and the hole drilled into the top of its head, fitting some kind of metal rod originally, supports this theory. Without any available parallels we cannot decide if it belonged to a small table, a vessel, a tripod, or to some other kind of furniture.

The Satyr of Biatorbagy almost certainly arrived in Pannonia as a valuable import object in the 2nd century AD. Due to its detailed elaboration, its rare subject matter, and its uniqueness, it is not only an exceptionally significant archaeological find in our province, but also in the entire Roman Empire.

Context: The bronze sculpture featuring a young, kneeling satyr was discovered in 2009 in Káposztás-dűlő, Biatorbágy. Thanks to the painstaking documentation of József Melegh, who submitted the artefact, the precise location of the find can be determined. Based on this, it is likely that the sculpture originates in a Roman villa or a little further to the north, from the southern end of a Roman settlement in Páty, Malom-dűlő, excavated by Katalin Ottományi.

Dávid Bartus

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