Archaeological site: Budakalász, Lupa Inn, grave no. 177
Inventory no.: 188.8.131.52
Period: Late Copper Age, Baden Culture (3400 BC–2900 BC)
Storage: Gödöllő, Ferenczy Museum Center
The cart model of Budakalász is a symbolic embodiment of social development. It proves the existence of real carts, but also indicates an intellectual content behind it: privilege and prestige. Only its miniature version was buried in a grave where no human remains were found.
The cart model of Budakalász is not a toy, but a symbolic embodiment of social development. It proves the existence of real carts but also indicates the intellectual content behind it: privilege, prestige, and a special status. A cart was considered an object of value for the community; therefore, only a miniature version was buried in the grave in which no human remains were found.
We know of 18 Late Copper Age cart models from the Carpathian Basin. If we collate the miniature cart models and real-size wooden parts recently found in western and northern Europe, as well as the cart roads and the more and more recent representations of carts in rock paintings, we can infer that the earliest center of the creation of the cart might have been Europe.
Context: The object is one of two cart vessels with accurate dating found in 1956 in Budakalász in two graves of a Late Copper Age cemetery with a large number of graves, still outstanding in Europe.
Dr. Mária Bondár